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1:87 Scale


5 - 7.5/10*

DF4B Class Diesel-electric Co-Co

Bachmann China

Production Summary

Prototype Information

The DF4B's have been one of the most successful indigenous diesel locomotives on China's Railways. Since 1984, almost 4,000 have been produced and are still made in limited quantities today. They are used on practically every type of work - passenger, mainline freight, industrial and maintenance. As a general guide, Orange painted DF4B's (those in the 2*** road number series) were used exclusively for passenger work and geared for higher speed than their freight counterparts. There is a plethora of liveries and Bachmann has been very good over the years offering many of these.


General Information

(First Series)

In June 2002, the first DF4B locomotives were made in model form and became one of the best selling Chinese models to date. This was in part to the very popular prototype, robust quality, affordability (initially) and lack of competition. Four road numbers were released, two in the common orange passenger livery and two in the common freight livery.


(Second Series)

It took a bit over three years until the second series of DF4B's were released, this time three numbers were produced each with a different livery. An orange passenger version, standard green/light blue 'watermelon' version and a very welcome edition of the green mixed traffic locomotive with yellow lining (color scheme called 'military police', as the locomotive bears similar colors to the uniforms).


The major improvement with these locomotives was the re-tooled frame which included side panels around the wheel sets (compare the 1st and subsequent series with the photo below). This eliminated the body warp problems. As a side note, the body shells from the 1st series are interchangeable with later versions.


(Third Series)

The third series was decorated DF4b #2106 named in honor of Zhou Enlai, China's first Premier. This model was the subject of a re-run in mid 2011. Somewhere along the way the price nearly tripled from the initial run!


(Fourth Series)

The forth DF4B production run was also a single version, like the previous one. It was the beginning of the Tibet series, which was inspired with the opening of the world's highest altitude railway to Lhasa. Loco #1083 was the first locomotive to reach Tibet, being transported there by road vehicle and was used for the construction of the line. It has the standard 'watermelon' livery.


(Fifth Series)

Two locomotives of the fifth series of DF4B were released in May 2008, earlier than most of the scheduled 6th series, which followed some months after. These two locomotives were released fairly close to each other and, in my opinion, represent the ultimate DF4B's made to date. They were the last ones to feature the low profile wheels and still employed very heavy bullet-proof mechanism.


(Sixth Series)

The latest flurry of DF4B diesels arrived mostly in 2008, with one exception - CD00216 in August 2009. Six new road numbers were made; one standard green/light blue 'watermelon', one green/yellow 'military' (limited edition), one green/light green, one green/light green (includes light green roof, fuel tank and bogies), a standard orange/yellow passenger livery and one white/blue/red livery of the local 'Jinwen Railway'. I believe the latter was a model commissioned by a railway club in China, but ended up on the mass market after poor sales - it was released quite some time after the others.


(Eighth Series)

A pair of decorated DF4B's were released in 2011. They are very similar to the sixth series and presumably the seventh series (unreviewed to date)


(Tenth Series)

Bachmann China back from the dead?! Two new DF4B's released October 2021 - Details in Production summary, no review yet. 


(First - Third Series)

The early DF4B's came in a thick cardboard box with a thin cardboard sleeve with display window. The inner portion is a plastic clam shell with clear plastic sleeve. The box contains warranty information, and instruction sheet with diagrams and any applicable add-on details.   

(Fourth Series )

The Tibet DF4B was sold in a large decorative case with metal hinges and clasps. Unfortunately the surface was some sort of vynil welded to the cardboard which is allergic to any form of moisture. It is highly recommended not to stack these boxes on another of the same type as they will stick together almost instantly and the box will be ruined upon separation. The same is also true for simply closing the box where they surfaces make contact and will seal over time! It's best to store these in tissue paper or a cardboard box. The inner packaging comprises of a foam surround with hollowed out sections for the locomotive, display track and add-on parts. 

(Fifth - Ninth Series )

These DF4B's came with a thick windowless two part box and the same sleeved plastic clam shell to hold the model in place. The box contains warranty information, and instruction sheet with diagrams and any applicable add-on details.   

(Tenth Series)

The latest surprise release DF4B's are the first arrive in the latest Bachmann China corporate packaging. The style was similar to the previous run, but uses a much thinner cardboard and has a gold paper decorative sleeve.  


(First Series)

Four different road numbers were produced in two liveries standard passenger (orange/yellow lining) and freight (green/light blue lining) liveries. The paint work is evenly applied with a very nice finish and the lining and lettering is raz or sharp. There is loads of very small, yet perfectly readable text around the bottom of the frame and I was most impressed with the inspection plate on the air reservoirs adjacent to the fuel tank. The two passenger versions differ slightly in that one has white lettering, while the other has black with some tiny gold characters printed on the side door windows.


The builder's plates' are embossed on the sides which is something other models produced since seem to lack and are simple painted on. The roof has excellent details with lots of grab irons, antennas and six horns (which are quite susceptible to breaking off, so handle these carefully). Hand rails on the side and ends of the locomotive are metal. The bogies are press fit and while they seem to be the correct length, they lack depth and many of the components seem to be undersized. The main flaw with these engines is the warp in the body that occurs above the wheels. This is the result of an poorly engineered frame that is hollow around the bogies. Over time, and particularly in hot climates, the body has a tendency to sink in, the results of which can be seen in the second last photo at the bottom of the page.

(Second Series)

This was the first decorated locomotive called "Youth" and has a brass plaque on each end with the emblem of the Youth Communist League. This engine also had a unique horn arrangement with 5 on each end (four forward facing, one reverse). Each of these new models had numbers '1' and '2' printed between the cab windows and doors.

(Third Series)


The locomotive is maroon lower and cream upper. Although a very magnificent looking locomotive, I find the paint work much too glossy, but it appears this was a once off as subsequent DF4B's have reverted back to the semi-matt finish. The model features extra handrails around the roof and four air horns at either end mounted to a ribbon-like facade.

(Fourth Series)

This model was a very limited release and was sold in a faux-leather presentation box, the first Bachmann China product to use foam inserts. It was available with a brass name plate on the bottom, made out to the owner of the model or simply just numbered. The model came with an assortment of optional add on details such as flags, banners and a big ribbon wreath for both ends. The locomotive itself has Chinese characters on the roof sides which basically translate as 'first locomotive in Tibet'. It also has some unique winterization grilles on the body sides. This model was the first DF4B to use the new improved (still press-fit) bogie sides. These bogie side frames were sold separately (oddly in pairs, rather than 4 packs) shortly afterwards to replace the old style on previous versions. It was also the first DF4B to have windscreen wipers as separate parts and had the side perspex side-window wind protectors as separate add on parts, rather than being added at the factory.

(Fifth Series)

The first one was a passenger DF4B which was one of a handful in the Shanghai and Hangzhou areas to sport an advertising livery for Dahongying cigarettes, one of the premium brands made by the Ningbo Cigarette factory. The liveries were applied to these locomotives in the early 2000's and were repainted in the standard orange a few years later.

The second release was another special locomotive, painted in light blue under cream, in similar style to the 'Zhou Enlai' locomotive. This one was named "Worker Pioneer" and was principally a freight locomotive.

There are not too many detail upgrades to this model, the obvious one being the metal handrails are now single piece construction, rather than the rail and stantion type (which were a bit oversized in my eyes).


(Sixth Series)

There was a major overhaul in the tooling of the mechanism of the locomotive, including wheel spacing and also with the bogie side frames again, while the shells themselves seem to have remained unscathed. The bogie side frames are now made of an awful type of plastic, that should not be bent, painted on or otherwise molested as they are very easily damaged. They are mounted via a single screw from the top. When released, there was a major uproar in the modelling community about the length of the bogies which resulted in a much wider gap between the fuel tank/pilots and the wheel sets. As such, Bachmann promptly made a large batch of replacement bogie side frames that were sent to the large retailers in Hong Kong and China to give away free with the new locomotives. The air hoses on the pilot were much finer with red painted handles and the uncoupling rods were also painted in two tone, but asides from this, details seem to be more or less the same.

(Eighth Series)


The details on these are as we've come to expect. They both have the improved bogie with correct wheel width as the 6th series onwards, as well as the correct bogie sideframes. The paint work is very beautifully done on both - razor sharp, however on the orange variant, the special insignia tends to blend in a lot with the main color scheme. Seperate brass plates as Bachmann have done in the past for a number of their locomotives could have possibly solved this.


Details - Bogie Sideframes

The Bachmann China DF4B's have gone through no less than four bogie redesigns over its life! The photo below shows three of the four types as follows;

  • The top two show the original press-fit type as standard on the first, second and third series

  • The middle version is the improved press-fit type as standard on the fourth and fifth series 4 & 5 (these were also available as replacement part for series 1, 2 & 3)

  • The bottom type was used for the sixth series which was held on with a single screw from the top, rather than the press-fit type used previously. Not shown is a replacement version for the sixth series, which was made 6mm longer and had the components more spread out. This latest type has been used ever since. 

(Please note that this image was made up of six individual images and should therefore not be used to show side frame size differences with each other)



(First - Fifth Series)

These engines are extremely heavy - which is a good thing for pulling heavy trains. Electrical pickup is perfect, and they are very quiet, responsive and smooth. There are two very large brass flywheels to help with this. I have noted over time that the motors have worn out on a few of them, and the pulling power has fallen to about half of its original capabilities. They have low wheel flanges - something most of us deeply miss.

(Sixth - Current Series)

The drive system has been totally reworked and although we're told this is somehow an 'improved' system, there are however two major areas which cause concern.

Problem number 1 - The weight has considerably dropped by at least a quarter from previous models. This may ease postage costs, but those who run heavy trains on gradients will really feel the difference.

Problem number 2 - The chassis itself is now made from a very soft alloy that deforms with the slightest amounts of pressure, a good example is by simply screwing the body shell back onto the frame! As a result, both my models from this run arrived witha bow in the frame. In the image below of the #7401 Jinwin Tielu DF4B (White/blue/red), you can see the bottom of the bent frame under the cab door on the left and compare this to the other side. This can be rectified by VERY gently bending it back by hand.

Problem number 3 - I The general build quality has dropped significantly. The wheelsets are now held are held in place by a very small plastic pin jutting out from the top of the bogie. If this pin snaps as one of mine did during transit (and another recent DF4B addition to my fleet), you will find the wheel set simply falls off the engine, disconnecting the drive shaft.

Problem number 4 - Bachmann has introduced deep wheel flanges to its models in an effort to 'improve' them.

Despite the above, the models still run very smoothly and quietly.


(First - Third Series)

Electricity is moved around the engine via a PC board and wires. The lighting is directional, with the main headlight powered by a 12volt incandescent bulb which looks very bright and has a good color. Unfortunately, these can get very hot after a period of time which is no good for the plastic body shells in the long run. They do have some heat insulation around the bulbs, but I'm not sure I would trust this (don't forget to turn them off when not in use!). The marker lights are nice, particularly the inner red ones.

There is enough room inside the shell to accept most HO scale sized decoder, although it may be necessary to position them between the motor and the frame. As per standard Bachmann practice, the DF4B's have an 8 pin socket to accept any NMRA 8 pin decoder.

(Fourth - Current Series)

The fourth release finally uses LED's for its lighting, although this is a bit of a mixed blessing. While using LED's eliminates the heating problems of the filament bulbs, they are unfortunately the wrong color (pale) blue and the main headlight is also quite dim.

Coupler Conversion

All versions will accept long shank (#56/156) Kadee couplers. A very fine amount should be shaved off the top of the shank for free movement and a tiny bit on the bottom at the back of the head to avoid clearance with the center un-coupler stantion.


The DF4B shell can be removed quite easily by removing the couplers and four screws on the underframe around the the fuel tank. The fuel tank itself can also be removed from the frame with a single screw. Reassembly is a much more frustrating affair as the cab interior pieces have a tendency to shift while putting the shell back into place. Not recommended to attempt this while in a bad mood!

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